# Official JUPEB Syllabus For Physics (+PDF)

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JUPEB Physics syllabus PDF and text is broken into two semesters with two broad courses each.

FIRST SEMESTER

• PHY 001: MECHANICS AND PROPERTIES OF MATTER
• PHY 003: HEAT, WAVE AND OPTICS

SECOND SEMESTER

• PHY 002: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM
• PHY 004: MODERN PHYSICS

## See JUPEB Physics syllabus

### PHY 001 — Mechanics and Properties of Matter

1 Units

• Order of magnitude
• Definition of units
• Length
• Mass
• Time
• Unit conversion and measurement
• Methods of measuring length, mass and time
• Basic and derived units
• Dimensional analysis (L, M, T only)

2. Vector

• Vector representation
• Addition and subtraction of vectors (geometrical methods only)
• Resolution of vectors
• Vector multiplication
• Vectors in Cartesian
• Coordinate system

3. Particle Kinematics

• Types of motion
• Translational
• Random
• Oscillatory
• Rotational
• Linear motion
• Distance
• Displacement
• Uniform velocity motion
• Uniform acceleration motion
• Graph of kinematic equation
• Instantaneous and average velocity and acceleration
• Motion to two or three dimensions
• Relative motion in one and two dimensions
• Free fall
• Projectile motion

4. Dynamics

• Newton’s law of motion
• Types of force
• Newton’s universal law of gravitational, equilibrium of forces,
• Centre of mass and Centre of gravity
• Moment of a force
• Linear momentum
• Conservation laws
• Elastic and inelastic collision
• Collision in two dimensions
• Motion in inclined planes
• Frictional forces

5. The Gravitational Field

• Keplar’s law of planetary motion
• Newton’s law of gravitation
• First strength, G and its measurement
• Gravitational potential
• Satellite motion
• Escape velocity

6. Work, Energy and Power

• Work
• Energy sources
• Types of energy
• Conversion and conservation of energy, power, the kilowatt hour
• Principles of Mechanical energy conservation

7. Circular and Oscillatory Motions

• Angular displacement
• Angular velocity
• Torque and angular acceleration
• Angular momentum
• Centripetal acceleration
• Centripetal force
• Rotational kinetic energy
• Work done in rotation
• Conservation of angular momentum
• Simple harmonic motion
• Energy in simple harmonic motion
• Damped and forced oscillations
• Resonance

8. Elasticity

• Hooke’s law
• Elastic limit
• Elastic and plastic deformation
• Ductile and brittle substances
• Stress
• Strain
• Elastic and plastic behaviour
• Young’s modulus
• Energy stored
• Energy per unit volume
• Shear modulus
• Bulk modulus

9. Hydrostatics

• Matter (solid, liquid and gases)
• Density
• Pressure in fluid
• Change of phases
• Archimedes principle
• Principle of floatation
• Stoke’s law
• Terminal velocity
• Bernoulli’s principle
• Pitot-static tube principle

10. Hydrodynamics

• Molecular properties of fluid
• Viscosity
• Surface tension
• Cohesion
• Capillarity
• Drops and bubbles
• Bernoulli’s principle
• Pascal principle
• Reynolds number
• Turbulent and laminar flow
• Poiseuille’s equation

### PHY 002 — Heat, Wave and Optic

1. Ideal Gases

• Gas law
• Boyle’s law
• Charles law
• Pressure law
• Equation of state
• Kinetic theory of gases
• Pressure of a gas
• Kinetic energy of molecules

2. Temperature and Thermometry

• Concept of heat and temperature
• Thermal equilibrium
• Temperature scales
• Practical thermometer
• Expansion of solids and liquid

3. Heat and Energy

• Heat capacity
• Specific heat capacity
• Latent heat
• Specific latent heat
• Internal energy
• Thermal conductivity

4. Thermodynamics

• Work done by gas
• Internal energy of gas
• First and second law of thermodynamics
• Concept of isothermal and adiabatic processes

6. Electromagnetic Wave

• Electromagnetic spectrum
• Applications of the components of the electromagnetic spectrum

7. Geometrical Optics

• Rectilinear propagation of light
• Law of reflection and refraction
• Reflection on plane and curved mirrors
• Refraction at plane surfaces
• Total internal reflection
• Critical angle
• Dispersion by prism

8. Lenses and Optical Instruments

• Lenses
• Formation of images by the lens
• The eye
• Defects of vision
• Optical instruments (camera, reflector, refractor, telescope, simple microscope, compound microphone, and ophthalmoscope)

9. Oscillations and Waves

• Classification of waves
• Wave parameter
• Graphical representation of wave
• Wave equation
• Progressive and stationary wave
• Reflection
• Refraction
• Diffraction
• Principle of superposition
• Interference

10. Wave Theory of Light

• Wave-Particule nature of light
• Huygens principle
• Interference and diffraction
• Coherent sources
• Young’s double-slit fringes
• Diffraction of light waves
• Resolving power
• Diffraction grating
• Polarisation and its application

11. Sound Waves

• Pitch
• Loudness
• Quality
• Intensity of sound
• Decibel
• Beats
• Application
• Doppler’s principle of sound
• Waves in strings and pipes

### PHY 003 — Electricity and Magnetism

1. Electrostatics

• Coulomb’s law
• Gauss law and application
• Concept of an electric field
• Uniform electric fields
• Force between point charges
• Electric field at a point
• Electric potential
• Potential due to a point charge and charged sphere
• Relationship between electric field and electric potential
• Equipotential surfaces

2. Capacitance

• Capacitor and capacitance
• Dielectric and relative permittivity
• Capacitors in series and parallel
• Energy stored in a capacitor
• Effects of dielectrics
• Charging and discharging of C—R circuits
• Time constant

3. Current Electricity

• Electric current
• Potential difference
• Resistance and resistivity
• Ohm’s law
• Ohmic and Non-ohmic conductors
• Resistors in series and parallel
• Electromotive force and circuits
• Electrical power
• Electrical energy and efficiency
• Cells in series and parallel
• Kirchoff’s law
• Temperature coefficient or resistance
• Principle of potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge
• Galvanometer

4. Magnetic Field

• Earth’s magnetic field
• Concept of magnetic field
• Magnetic flux and flux density-B (of solenoid, straight conductor and narrow circular coil)

5. Force on Conductor and Moving Charge

• Force on a current-carrying conductor
• Force on a moving charge
• Force between current-carrying conductors
• Fleming’s lefthand rule
• Torque
• Application of moving coil meter
• Ampere’s law
• Biot-Savart’s law

6. Electromagnetic Induction

• Lenz law
• Fleming’s righthand rule
• Dynamo
• Transformer
• Eddy current
• Current in L-R circuit
• Self and mutual inductance
• Energy in coil
• Motors and generator

7. Alternating Current (A.C) Circuit

• Characteristics of alternating current (period, frequency, peak value, root-mean-square value as applied to an alternating current and voltage)
• Resistive circuit
• Capacitive circuit
• Inductive circuit
• Capacitance-Resistance circuit
• Inductance-Resistance circuit
• L-C-R series circuit
• Resonance L-C-R circuit
• Power in A.C circuit
• Parallel circuit

### PHY 004 — Modern Physics

1. Atomic Structure

• The nucleus (proton and neutron)
• The electron
• Specific charge
• Isotopes
• Millikan’s experiment
• Cathode Ray oscilloscope
• Types of spectrum
• Hydrogen spectrum
• Spectra series

2. Elements of modern physics

• Defect of the wave theory
• The ultraviolet catastrophe
• Photo-electric emission
• Thermionic emission
• Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom and energy level of the atom
• Excitation
• Absorption and emission
• Fraunhofer lines
• Interaction of radiation with matter
• Laser principle

3. X-rays

• Nature and properties of X-rays
• Crystal diffraction
• Bragg’s law
• Moseley’s law
• X-ray spectrum
• Minimum Wave length value
• X-ray absorption spectra

4. Wave-Particule Duality

• Electron diffraction
• De-Broglie’s formula
• Momentum and energy
• Duality
• Compton’s effect
• Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle

• Mass excess and nuclear binding energy
• Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion
• Gieger-Muller’s tube
• Radioactive decay — half-life and decay constant
• Nuclear reaction
• Isotopes
• Nuclear energy
• Einstein Mass-Energy relation

6. Introduction to Semiconductors

• Intrinsic semiconductors
• Energy band in solids
• Doping of semiconductors
• p-n Junction diodes
• Half and full wave rectification
• The bridge rectifier
• Transistor as an amplifier and switch

7. Applied Physics

• Basic applications of Physics to the life sciences
• Fundamental principles and applications of ultrasound
• X-ray and nuclear magnetic resonance