Official JUPEB Syllabus For Physics (+PDF)

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ALSO SEE: Official JUPEB Syllabus For Your Other Subjects


Take note.

JUPEB Physics syllabus PDF and text is broken into two semesters with two broad courses each.

FIRST SEMESTER

  • PHY 001: MECHANICS AND PROPERTIES OF MATTER
  • PHY 003: HEAT, WAVE AND OPTICS

SECOND SEMESTER

  • PHY 002: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM
  • PHY 004: MODERN PHYSICS

See JUPEB Physics syllabus

The PDF version of this syllabus is available for your free download at the bottom of this Library.

PHY 001 — Mechanics and Properties of Matter

1 Units

  • Order of magnitude
  • Definition of units
    • Length
    • Mass
    • Time
  • Unit conversion and measurement
  • Methods of measuring length, mass and time
  • Basic and derived units
  • Dimensional analysis (L, M, T only)

2. Vector

  • Vector representation
  • Addition and subtraction of vectors (geometrical methods only)
  • Resolution of vectors
  • Vector multiplication
  • Vectors in Cartesian
  • Coordinate system

3. Particle Kinematics

  • Types of motion
    • Translational
    • Random
    • Oscillatory
    • Rotational
  • Linear motion
    • Distance
    • Displacement
    • Uniform velocity motion
    • Uniform acceleration motion
    • Graph of kinematic equation
  • Instantaneous and average velocity and acceleration
  • Motion to two or three dimensions
  • Relative motion in one and two dimensions
  • Free fall
  • Projectile motion

4. Dynamics

  • Newton’s law of motion
  • Types of force
  • Newton’s universal law of gravitational, equilibrium of forces,
  • Centre of mass and Centre of gravity
  • Moment of a force
  • Linear momentum
  • Conservation laws
  • Elastic and inelastic collision
  • Collision in two dimensions
  • Motion in inclined planes
  • Frictional forces

5. The Gravitational Field

  • Keplar’s law of planetary motion
  • Newton’s law of gravitation
  • First strength, G and its measurement
  • Gravitational potential
  • Satellite motion
  • Escape velocity

6. Work, Energy and Power

  • Work
  • Energy sources
  • Types of energy
  • Conversion and conservation of energy, power, the kilowatt hour
  • Principles of Mechanical energy conservation

7. Circular and Oscillatory Motions

  • Angular displacement
  • Angular velocity
  • Torque and angular acceleration
  • Angular momentum
  • Centripetal acceleration
  • Centripetal force
  • Rotational kinetic energy
  • Work done in rotation
  • Conservation of angular momentum
  • Simple harmonic motion
  • Energy in simple harmonic motion
  • Damped and forced oscillations
  • Resonance

8. Elasticity

  • Hooke’s law
  • Elastic limit
  • Elastic and plastic deformation
  • Ductile and brittle substances
  • Stress
  • Strain
  • Elastic and plastic behaviour
  • Young’s modulus
  • Energy stored
  • Energy per unit volume
  • Shear modulus
  • Bulk modulus

9. Hydrostatics

  • Matter (solid, liquid and gases)
  • Density
  • Pressure in fluid
  • Change of phases
  • Archimedes principle
  • Principle of floatation
  • Stoke’s law
  • Terminal velocity
  • Bernoulli’s principle
  • Pitot-static tube principle

10. Hydrodynamics

  • Molecular properties of fluid
  • Viscosity
  • Surface tension
  • Adhesion
  • Cohesion
  • Capillarity
  • Drops and bubbles
  • Bernoulli’s principle
  • Pascal principle
  • Reynolds number
  • Turbulent and laminar flow
  • Poiseuille’s equation

PHY 002 — Heat, Wave and Optic

1. Ideal Gases

  • Gas law
    • Boyle’s law
    • Charles law
    • Pressure law
  • Equation of state
  • Kinetic theory of gases
  • Pressure of a gas
  • Kinetic energy of molecules

2. Temperature and Thermometry

  • Concept of heat and temperature
  • Thermal equilibrium
  • Temperature scales
  • Practical thermometer
  • Expansion of solids and liquid

3. Heat and Energy

  • Heat capacity
  • Specific heat capacity
  • Latent heat
  • Specific latent heat
  • Internal energy
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Blackbody radiation

4. Thermodynamics

  • Work done by gas
  • Internal energy of gas
  • First and second law of thermodynamics
  • Concept of isothermal and adiabatic processes

6. Electromagnetic Wave

  • Electromagnetic spectrum
  • Applications of the components of the electromagnetic spectrum

7. Geometrical Optics

  • Rectilinear propagation of light
  • Law of reflection and refraction
  • Reflection on plane and curved mirrors
  • Refraction at plane surfaces
  • Total internal reflection
  • Critical angle
  • Dispersion by prism

8. Lenses and Optical Instruments

  • Lenses
  • Formation of images by the lens
  • The eye
  • Defects of vision
  • Optical instruments (camera, reflector, refractor, telescope, simple microscope, compound microphone, and ophthalmoscope)

9. Oscillations and Waves

  • Classification of waves
  • Wave parameter
  • Graphical representation of wave
  • Wave equation
  • Progressive and stationary wave
  • Reflection
  • Refraction
  • Diffraction
  • Principle of superposition
  • Interference

10. Wave Theory of Light

  • Wave-Particule nature of light
  • Huygens principle
  • Interference and diffraction
  • Coherent sources
  • Young’s double-slit fringes
  • Diffraction of light waves
  • Resolving power
  • Diffraction grating
  • Polarisation and its application

11. Sound Waves

  • Pitch
  • Loudness
  • Quality
  • Intensity of sound
  • Decibel
  • Beats
  • Application
  • Doppler’s principle of sound
  • Waves in strings and pipes

PHY 003 — Electricity and Magnetism

1. Electrostatics

  • Coulomb’s law
  • Gauss law and application
  • Concept of an electric field
  • Uniform electric fields
  • Force between point charges
  • Electric field at a point
  • Electric potential
  • Potential due to a point charge and charged sphere
  • Relationship between electric field and electric potential
  • Equipotential surfaces

2. Capacitance

  • Capacitor and capacitance
  • Dielectric and relative permittivity
  • Capacitors in series and parallel
  • Energy stored in a capacitor
  • Effects of dielectrics
  • Charging and discharging of C—R circuits
  • Time constant

3. Current Electricity

  • Electric current
  • Potential difference
  • Resistance and resistivity
  • Ohm’s law
  • Ohmic and Non-ohmic conductors
  • Resistors in series and parallel
  • Electromotive force and circuits
  • Electrical power
  • Electrical energy and efficiency
  • Cells in series and parallel
  • Kirchoff’s law
  • Temperature coefficient or resistance
  • Principle of potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge
  • Galvanometer

4. Magnetic Field

  • Earth’s magnetic field
  • Concept of magnetic field
  • Magnetic flux and flux density-B (of solenoid, straight conductor and narrow circular coil)

5. Force on Conductor and Moving Charge

  • Force on a current-carrying conductor
  • Force on a moving charge
  • Force between current-carrying conductors
  • Fleming’s lefthand rule
  • Torque
  • Application of moving coil meter
  • Ampere’s law
  • Biot-Savart’s law

6. Electromagnetic Induction

  • Faraday’s law
  • Lenz law
  • Fleming’s righthand rule
  • Dynamo
  • Transformer
  • Eddy current
  • Current in L-R circuit
  • Self and mutual inductance
  • Energy in coil
  • Motors and generator

7. Alternating Current (A.C) Circuit

  • Characteristics of alternating current (period, frequency, peak value, root-mean-square value as applied to an alternating current and voltage)
  • Resistive circuit
  • Capacitive circuit
  • Inductive circuit
  • Capacitance-Resistance circuit
  • Inductance-Resistance circuit
  • L-C-R series circuit
  • Resonance L-C-R circuit
  • Power in A.C circuit
  • Parallel circuit

PHY 004 — Modern Physics

1. Atomic Structure

  • The nucleus (proton and neutron)
  • The electron
  • Specific charge
  • Isotopes
  • Millikan’s experiment
  • Cathode Ray oscilloscope
  • Types of spectrum
  • Hydrogen spectrum
  • Spectra series

2. Elements of modern physics

  • Defect of the wave theory
  • The ultraviolet catastrophe
  • Photo-electric emission
  • Thermionic emission
  • Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom and energy level of the atom
  • Excitation
  • Absorption and emission
  • Fraunhofer lines
  • Interaction of radiation with matter
  • Laser principle

3. X-rays

  • Nature and properties of X-rays
  • Crystal diffraction
  • Bragg’s law
  • Moseley’s law
  • X-ray spectrum
  • Minimum Wave length value
  • X-ray absorption spectra

4. Wave-Particule Duality

  • Electron diffraction
  • De-Broglie’s formula
  • Momentum and energy
  • Duality
  • Compton’s effect
  • Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle

5. Radioactivity and Nuclear Energy

  • Radioactivity
  • Mass excess and nuclear binding energy
  • Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion
  • Gieger-Muller’s tube
  • Radioactive decay — half-life and decay constant
  • Nuclear reaction
  • Isotopes
  • Nuclear energy
  • Einstein Mass-Energy relation

6. Introduction to Semiconductors

  • Intrinsic semiconductors
  • Energy band in solids
  • Doping of semiconductors
  • p-n Junction diodes
  • Half and full wave rectification
  • The bridge rectifier
  • Transistor as an amplifier and switch

7. Applied Physics

  • Basic applications of Physics to the life sciences
  • Fundamental principles and applications of ultrasound
  • X-ray and nuclear magnetic resonance

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